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Epipaleolithic/early Neolithic settlements at Qinghai Lake, westernChina
Rhode, David; Zhang Haiying; Madsen, David B.; Xing, Gao; Brantingham, R. Jeffrey; Ma Haizhou; Olsen, John W.
2007
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE
ISSN0305-4403
Volume34Issue:4Pages:600-612
AbstractTransitions from terminal Pleistocene Upper Paleolithic foraging to Holocene Neolithic farming and pastoralist economic orientations in the northern Tibetan Plateau are examined from the perspective of Epipaleolithic sites located near Qinghai Lake, Qinghai Province, western China. Jiangxigou 2 is an artifact-rich, multicomponent midden site with the main period of occupation dating ca. 9000-5000 cal yr Bp, containing abundant flaked stone artifacts including a substantial proportion of microlithic tools, abundant faunal remains including gazelle, deer, and sheep, and a small number of ceramics, including the oldest known on the Tibetan Plateau. Heimahe 3, on the other hand, is a brief hunter's camp dating ca. 8450 cal yr BP, with evident affinities to late Upper Paleolithic camps in the same region that date several thousand years older. The two distinctively different sites are probably nodes within a single Epipaleolithic foraging system that developed on the margins of the high Tibetan Plateau during the early Holocene, and that served as a basis for colonization of the high-altitude Plateau at that time. Jiangxigou 2 appears to be connected to early Neolithic agricultural settlements along the upper Yellow River (Huang He) drainage during the middle Holocene, and may provide insights into forager-agriculturalist interactions that lead to the development of pastoralist systems in the region. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Transitions from terminal Pleistocene Upper Paleolithic foraging to Holocene Neolithic farming and pastoralist economic orientations in the northern Tibetan Plateau are examined from the perspective of Epipaleolithic sites located near Qinghai Lake, Qinghai Province, western China. Jiangxigou 2 is an artifact-rich, multicomponent midden site with the main period of occupation dating ca. 9000-5000 cal yr Bp, containing abundant flaked stone artifacts including a substantial proportion of microlithic tools, abundant faunal remains including gazelle, deer, and sheep, and a small number of ceramics, including the oldest known on the Tibetan Plateau. Heimahe 3, on the other hand, is a brief hunter's camp dating ca. 8450 cal yr BP, with evident affinities to late Upper Paleolithic camps in the same region that date several thousand years older. The two distinctively different sites are probably nodes within a single Epipaleolithic foraging system that developed on the margins of the high Tibetan Plateau during the early Holocene, and that served as a basis for colonization of the high-altitude Plateau at that time. Jiangxigou 2 appears to be connected to early Neolithic agricultural settlements along the upper Yellow River (Huang He) drainage during the middle Holocene, and may provide insights into forager-agriculturalist interactions that lead to the development of pastoralist systems in the region. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Other Abstract英文摘要
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/2291
Collection青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rhode, David,Zhang Haiying,Madsen, David B.,et al. Epipaleolithic/early Neolithic settlements at Qinghai Lake, westernChina[J]. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE,2007,34(4):600-612.
APA Rhode, David.,Zhang Haiying.,Madsen, David B..,Xing, Gao.,Brantingham, R. Jeffrey.,...&Olsen, John W..(2007).Epipaleolithic/early Neolithic settlements at Qinghai Lake, westernChina.JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE,34(4),600-612.
MLA Rhode, David,et al."Epipaleolithic/early Neolithic settlements at Qinghai Lake, westernChina".JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE 34.4(2007):600-612.
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