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Extraction of lithium from salt lake brine using room temperature ionic liquid in tributyl phosphate
Shi, Chenglong1,2; Jia, Yongzhong1; Zhang, Chao1,2; Liu, Hong3; Jing, Yan1
2015
发表期刊FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN
卷号90页码:1-6
文章类型Article
摘要Lithium is known as the energy metal and it is a key raw material for preparing lithium isotopes which have important applications in nuclear energy source. In this work, a typical room temperature ionic liquid (RTILs), 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([C(4)mim][PF6]), was used as an alternative solvent to study liquid/liquid extraction of lithium from salt lake brine. In this system, the ionic liquid, NaClO4 and tributyl phosphate (TBP) were used as extraction medium, co-extraction reagent and extractant respectively. The effects of solution pH value, phase ratio, ClO4- amount and other factors on lithium extraction efficiency had been investigated. Optimal extraction conditions of this system include the ratio of TBP/IL at 4/1 (v/v), O/A at 2:1, n(ClO4-)/n(Li+) at 2:1, the equilibration time of 10 min and unadjusted pH. Under the optimal conditions, the single extraction efficiency of lithium was 87.28% which was much higher than the conventional extraction system. Total extraction efficiency of 99.12% was obtained by triple-stage countercurrent extraction. Study on the mechanism revealed that the use of ionic liquid increased the extraction yield of lithium through cation exchange in this system. Preliminary results indicated that the use of [C(4)mim][PF6] as an alternate solvent to replace traditional organic solvents (VOCs) in liquid/liquid extraction was very promising. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词Lithium Ionic Liquid Solvent Extraction Clo4- Tributyl Phosphate
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Technology
关键词[WOS]SEPARATION ; MAGNESIUM
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Nuclear Science & Technology
WOS类目Nuclear Science & Technology
WOS记录号WOS:000349508200001
引用统计
被引频次:21[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/5742
专题青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Key Lab Salt Lake Resources & Chem, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Qinghai Salt Chem Prod Supervis & Inspect Ctr, Golmud 816000, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Shi, Chenglong,Jia, Yongzhong,Zhang, Chao,et al. Extraction of lithium from salt lake brine using room temperature ionic liquid in tributyl phosphate[J]. FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN,2015,90:1-6.
APA Shi, Chenglong,Jia, Yongzhong,Zhang, Chao,Liu, Hong,&Jing, Yan.(2015).Extraction of lithium from salt lake brine using room temperature ionic liquid in tributyl phosphate.FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN,90,1-6.
MLA Shi, Chenglong,et al."Extraction of lithium from salt lake brine using room temperature ionic liquid in tributyl phosphate".FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN 90(2015):1-6.
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