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Solid-liquid metastable equilibria in the quaternary system (NaCl-KCl-CaCl2-H2O) at 288.15 K
Deng, Tianlong1,2; Li, Dongchan1,2
2008-07-25
发表期刊FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA
卷号269期号:1-2页码:98-103
文章类型Article
摘要The solubilities and the physicochemical properties (densities, viscosities, refractive indices, conductivities, and pH) in the liquid-solid metastable system (NaCl-KCl-CaCl2-H2O) at 288.15K have been studied using the isothermal evaporation method. Based on the experimental data, the dry-salt phase diagram, water-phase diagram and the diagram of physicochemical properties vs. composition in the system were plotted. The dry-salt phase diagram of the system includes one three-salt co-saturated point, three metastable solubility isotherm curves, and three crystallization regions corresponding to sodium chloride, potassium chloride and calcium chloride hexahydrate. Neither solid solution nor double salts were found. Based on the extended Harvie-Weare (HW) model and its tempera ture-dependent equation, the values of the Pitzer parameters beta((0)), beta((1)), C-phi for NaCl, KCl and CaCl2, the mixed ion-interaction parameters theta(Na,K), theta(Na,Ca), theta(K,Ca), Psi(Na,K,Cl), Psi(K,Ca,Cl), the Debye-Huckel parameter A(phi) and the standard chemical potentials of the minerals in the quaternary system at 288.15 K were obtained. In addition, the average equilibrium constants of metastable equilibrium solids at the same temperature were obtained using a method derived from the activity product constant for the metastable system. Using the standard chemical potentials of the minerals and the average equilibrium constants of solids at equilibrium, the solubility predictions for the quaternary system are presented. A comparison between the calculated and experimental results shows that the predicted solubilities obtained with the extended HW model using the average equilibrium constants agree well with experimental data. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词Metastable Phase Equilibrium Phase Diagram Solubility Pitzer Modeling
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
关键词[WOS]MINERAL SOLUBILITIES ; NATURAL-WATERS ; PHASE-EQUILIBRIUM ; PREDICTION ; THERMODYNAMICS ; 25-DEGREES-C ; TEMPERATURES ; CHLORIDE
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Thermodynamics ; Chemistry ; Engineering
WOS类目Thermodynamics ; Chemistry, Physical ; Engineering, Chemical
WOS记录号WOS:000258047500014
引用统计
被引频次:33[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/5869
专题青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Xining 810008, Qinghsi, Peoples R China
2.Chengdu Univ Technol, Coll Mat Chem & Chem Engn, Chengdu 610059, Peoples R China
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Deng, Tianlong,Li, Dongchan. Solid-liquid metastable equilibria in the quaternary system (NaCl-KCl-CaCl2-H2O) at 288.15 K[J]. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA,2008,269(1-2):98-103.
APA Deng, Tianlong,&Li, Dongchan.(2008).Solid-liquid metastable equilibria in the quaternary system (NaCl-KCl-CaCl2-H2O) at 288.15 K.FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA,269(1-2),98-103.
MLA Deng, Tianlong,et al."Solid-liquid metastable equilibria in the quaternary system (NaCl-KCl-CaCl2-H2O) at 288.15 K".FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA 269.1-2(2008):98-103.
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