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Paleoenvironmental and archaeological investigations at Qinghai Lake, western China: Geomorphic and chronometric evidence of lake level history
Rhode, David1; Ma Haizhou2; Madsen, David B.3; Brantingham, P. Jeffrey4; Forman, Steven L.5; Olsen, John W.6
2010-05-01
发表期刊QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
卷号218期号:1-2页码:29-44
文章类型Article
摘要Qinghai Lake, located on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Qing-Zang Gaoyuan), is China's largest extant closed-basin lake. Its position relative to major Asian climate systems makes it sensitive to global climate change. The lake has been the subject of numerous paleoenvironmental investigations including dating of shoreline features around the lake basin. Here we report new age estimates of shoreline features, geomorphic exposures and archaeological sites that contribute to the development of a lake-level history for Qinghai Lake and a landscape model of the Qinghai Lake Basin. Lake highstands above 3230 m (similar to 36 m above the modern lake level) appear to date to late MIS 5, similar to 70-110 ka. The lake has had much more modest highstands since then: no evidence of MIS 3 lake stands higher than modern were found, and early Holocene highstands are no more than similar to 12 m above modern. If the age of highstands greater than 3230 m is confirmed through future work, then the Qinghai Lake Basin hydrologic balance prior to similar to 70 ka was dramatically different than after that time, including during the Holocene. A simple hydrologic balance model provides insights into the combination of precipitation, evaporation, and runoff generation needed to sustain the lake at 3260 m, the highest shoreline observed. A range of factors may explain the difference, primarily the relative strength of the East Asian monsoon. The basin was apparently subject to extensive alluviation during MIS 3, interrupted by widespread erosion and development of cryogenic features before and during the last glacial maximum (LGM). Loess that presently drapes much of the lower basin landscape began to be deposited after the LGM, similar to 16-18 ka. The landscape model outlined here has implications for archaeological visibility of early human occupation of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences
关键词[WOS]EAST-ASIAN MONSOON ; NORTHERN TIBETAN PLATEAU ; OXYGEN-ISOTOPE RECORD ; SUMMER MONSOON ; LOESS PLATEAU ; YELLOW-RIVER ; MAGNETIC-SUSCEPTIBILITY ; ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE ; MOISTURE EVOLUTION ; STABLE-ISOTOPES
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Physical Geography ; Geology
WOS类目Geography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000278283100004
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/5953
专题青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
盐湖地质与环境实验室
作者单位1.Desert Res Inst, Reno, NV 89512 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
3.Univ Texas Austin, Texas Archeol Res Lab, Austin, TX 78712 USA
4.Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Anthropol, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA
5.Univ Illinois, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Chicago, IL 60607 USA
6.Univ Arizona, Dept Anthropol, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Rhode, David,Ma Haizhou,Madsen, David B.,et al. Paleoenvironmental and archaeological investigations at Qinghai Lake, western China: Geomorphic and chronometric evidence of lake level history[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2010,218(1-2):29-44.
APA Rhode, David,Ma Haizhou,Madsen, David B.,Brantingham, P. Jeffrey,Forman, Steven L.,&Olsen, John W..(2010).Paleoenvironmental and archaeological investigations at Qinghai Lake, western China: Geomorphic and chronometric evidence of lake level history.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,218(1-2),29-44.
MLA Rhode, David,et al."Paleoenvironmental and archaeological investigations at Qinghai Lake, western China: Geomorphic and chronometric evidence of lake level history".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 218.1-2(2010):29-44.
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