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Speculation on the timing and nature of Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer colonization of the Tibetan Plateau
Brantingham, PJ; Haizhou, MA; Olsen, JW; Gao, X; Madsen, DB; Rhode, DE
2003-07-01
发表期刊CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN
卷号48期号:14页码:1510-1516
文章类型Article
摘要Hunter-gatherer populations in greater northeast Asia experienced dramatic range expansions during the early Upper Paleolithic (45-22 ka) and the late Upper Paleolithic (18-10 ka), both of which led to intensive occupations of cold desert environments including the Mongolian Gobi and northwest China. Range contractions under the cold, and extremes of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 22 -18 ka) may have entailed widespread population extirpations. The high elevation Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is significantly more extreme in both climate and environment than either the Gobi or the Siberian taiga forests, and provides an ideal setting to test fundamental models of human biogeography in the context of regional population fluctuations. The area is presently occupied primarily by nomadic pastoralists, but it is clear that these complex middle Holocene (<6 ka) economic adaptations were not a necessary prerequisite for successful colonization of the high elevation Plateau. Exploratory field-work in 2000-2001 has established that Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers were present on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau by at least 12 ka and possibly much earlier. A speculative model for the colonization process is developed and preliminary archaeological data in support of the model are presented.
关键词Upper Paleolithic Late Pleistocene Climate Change China
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]WESTERN MONGOLIA ; NORTHERN TIBET ; LAKE EVOLUTION ; CHINESE LOESS ; QUATERNARY ; GLACIATION ; DESERT ; RECORD ; CORE ; NUUR
收录类别SCI ; SSCI ; AHCI ; ISTP
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000184463300021
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/6086
专题青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
作者单位1.Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Anthropol, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Salt Lakes, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
3.Univ Arizona, Dept Anthropol, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
5.Desert Res Inst, Reno, NV 89512 USA
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Brantingham, PJ,Haizhou, MA,Olsen, JW,et al. Speculation on the timing and nature of Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer colonization of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,2003,48(14):1510-1516.
APA Brantingham, PJ,Haizhou, MA,Olsen, JW,Gao, X,Madsen, DB,&Rhode, DE.(2003).Speculation on the timing and nature of Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer colonization of the Tibetan Plateau.CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,48(14),1510-1516.
MLA Brantingham, PJ,et al."Speculation on the timing and nature of Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer colonization of the Tibetan Plateau".CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN 48.14(2003):1510-1516.
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