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Geomorphologic evidence of phased uplift of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since 14 million years ago
Lu, HY; Wang, XY; An, ZS; Miao, XD; Zhu, RX; Ma, HZ; Li, Z; Tan, HB; Wang, XY
2004-09-01
发表期刊SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D-EARTH SCIENCES
卷号47期号:9页码:822-833
文章类型Article
摘要A typical sequence of fluvial terraces and aeolian deposits overlying these terraces were multidisciplinary investigated. New evidences for uplift process of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in the past 14 million years were obtained. At least 11 river terraces along Huangshui, the first-class tributary of Yellow River, at the Xining-Huzhu region are identified. While the first one (T1) is classified as an accumulation terrace, the others are all basement river terraces, which consist of the Tertiary sandstone and siltstone bedrock, fluvial gravel and pebbles and the overlying aeolian loess-Red Clay deposit. Samples from the aeolian deposits were examined for paleomagnetic stratigraphic reconstruction (1030 samples), luminescence dating (16 samples), magnetic susceptibility and grain-size distribution (more than 4000 samples). The luminescence dating and stratigraphic correlation suggest that terraces of T11, T10, T8, T7, T3, T2, T1 were formed at 14, 11.3, 1.55, 1.2, 0.15, 0.07 and 0.01 million years ago, respectively. Sedimentological analysis and geomorphological observation indicate that formation and evolution of these terraces were mainly driven by tectonic uplift. Therefore, the terrace sequence provides an ideal geological record of the uplift process of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet during the past 14 million years, and the timings of the terraces formation are regarded as the timings of tectonic uplift. The significant uplifting events took place at 14, 11.3, 1.2 and 0.15 million years ago, respectively. The fluvial incision at the Xining-Huzhu region is less than 100 m during a period of similar to12 million years in the Miocene era (between the T11 and T9), while the Huangshui River had incised 432 m during the past 1.2 million years (from T7 to the present floodplain). The river incision process clearly demonstrates that accelerated rising of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during the late Cenozoic, and provides new evidence of previous thoughts. There was a significant readjustment of the fluvial catchment during 1.55-1.2 million years ago: before this time, the paleoriver flowed to southwest. After this time the Huangshui River flows to southeast. A tectonic movement dominates reorganization of this fluvial system.
关键词River Terrace Tectonic Uplift Loess-red Clay The Past 14 Million Years Northeastern Qinghai-tibet Plateau
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences
关键词[WOS]CHINESE LOESS PLATEAU ; ALTYN-TAGH FAULT ; MYR AGO ; EVOLUTION ; SEDIMENTATION ; CALIBRATION ; HIMALAYA ; DEPOSITS ; MONSOON ; CLIMATE
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Geology
WOS类目Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000223821300006
引用统计
被引频次:60[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/6131
专题青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
4.Qinghai Normal Univ, Dept Geog, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
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Lu, HY,Wang, XY,An, ZS,et al. Geomorphologic evidence of phased uplift of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since 14 million years ago[J]. SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D-EARTH SCIENCES,2004,47(9):822-833.
APA Lu, HY.,Wang, XY.,An, ZS.,Miao, XD.,Zhu, RX.,...&Wang, XY.(2004).Geomorphologic evidence of phased uplift of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since 14 million years ago.SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D-EARTH SCIENCES,47(9),822-833.
MLA Lu, HY,et al."Geomorphologic evidence of phased uplift of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since 14 million years ago".SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D-EARTH SCIENCES 47.9(2004):822-833.
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