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The earliest prehistoric pottery in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and its archaeological implications
Hou, GuangLiang1; Lai, ZhongPing2; Cao, Guangchao1; E, ChongYi1; Sun, YongJuan3; Rhode, David4; James, Feathers5
2015-10-01
Source PublicationQUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY
Volume30Pages:431-437
SubtypeArticle
AbstractRemains of prehistoric human activity in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) were often found exposed in the surface due to strong erosion. Thus, archaeological sites containing continuous and integral cultural remains within stratigraphic layers are rare in the plateau. The Jiangxigou site, located in the south of Qinghai Lake basin and in the northeastern margin of the plateau, are such a site with ages ranging from the early to late Holocene, i.e. from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic. Our excavation disclosed remains including more than 700 pieces of microliths, 14 pottery pieces, and other cultural relics. The oldest pottery fragments were found at the depth of 75 cm in the section, and in particular, a painted pottery piece was found at the depth of 61 cm. In this study, both luminescence (TL and OSL) and radiocarbon dating were employed to establish the chronology for these remains. Two pieces of pottery were dated using thermoluminescence (TL), another two pieces of pottery were dated by OSL, and three charcoal samples by AMS C-14. TL age of pottery piece P14 from the depth of 75 cm is 7.06 +/- 0.51 ka, making it the earliest pottery in the Tibetan Plateau. The AMS 14C age of charcoals from the same depth of 75 cm is 6805 +/- 95 Cal a BP, in agreement with TL age of P14. OSL age of pottery P12 from the depth of 60-70 cm is 6.50 +/- 0.47 ka, and OSL age of pottery P9 from 54 cm is 4.97 +/- 0.25 ka. Thus, the age of the painted pottery piece at the depth of 61 cm should be similar to 5.50 ka by interpolation, making it the earliest painted pottery in the QTP. The pottery P14 has many common features similar to that of the Yangshao culture in China. We suggest that, before 7 ka, hunters using microlithic had been living in the northeastern margin of the QTP. Since 7 ka, these native microlithic hunters had been affected by the Neolithic Yangshao culture from the Loess Plateau, which was characterized by well-developed pottery. Agricultural growers migrated from the lower elevation of the Loess Plateau to the east of the QTP, leading to profound cultural exchanges with highland native microlithic hunters. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordPrehistoric Human Activity Qinghai-tibetan Plateau (Qtp) Pottery Chronology And Origin Palaeolithic To Neolithic Transition
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS KeywordSINGLE-ALIQUOT ; LAKE AREA ; LUMINESCENCE ; CHINA ; CHRONOLOGY
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000366538200048
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/6282
Collection青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
盐湖地质与环境实验室
Affiliation1.Qinghai Normal Univ, Key Lab Phys Geog & Environm Proc Qinghai Prov, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
2.China Univ Geosci, Sch Earth Sci, State Key Lab Biogeol & Environm Geol, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
4.Desert Res Inst, Earth & Ecosyst Sci, Reno, NV 89512 USA
5.Univ Washington, Luminescence Lab, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hou, GuangLiang,Lai, ZhongPing,Cao, Guangchao,et al. The earliest prehistoric pottery in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and its archaeological implications[J]. QUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY,2015,30:431-437.
APA Hou, GuangLiang.,Lai, ZhongPing.,Cao, Guangchao.,E, ChongYi.,Sun, YongJuan.,...&James, Feathers.(2015).The earliest prehistoric pottery in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and its archaeological implications.QUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY,30,431-437.
MLA Hou, GuangLiang,et al."The earliest prehistoric pottery in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and its archaeological implications".QUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY 30(2015):431-437.
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