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Clay mineralogical and geochemical constraints on late Pleistocene weathering processes of the Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau
Miao, WeiLiang1,2; Fan, QiShun1; Wei, HaiCheng1; Zhang, XiYing1; Ma, HaiZhou1
2016-09-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES
Volume127Pages:267-280
SubtypeArticle
AbstractAt the Qarhan Salt Lake (QSL) on the central-eastern Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau, Quaternary lacustrine sediments have a thickness of over 3000 m and mainly composed of organic-rich clay and silty clay with some silt halite and halite. In this study, a 102-m-long sediment core (ISL1A) was obtained from the QSL. Combining with AMS C-14 and Th-230 dating, clay minerals and major-element concentrations of ISL1A were used to reconstruct the weathering process and trend of the QSL since late Pleistocene. The results reveal that the clay mineral from <2 mu m fraction in ISL1A is composed of illite (47-77%), chlorite (8-27%), smectite (including illite-smectite mixed layers, 3-29%) and kaolinite (2-11%). Such clay mineral assemblages in ISL1A derived primarily from felsic igneous rocks, gneisses and schists of Eastern Kunlun Mountains on the south of the QSL. The abundance of illite mineral displays an opposite fluctuation trending with that of smectite, chlorite and kaolinite mineral in ISL1A, which is significantly different from the monsoon-controlled regions. Moreover, higher values of illite, kaolinite/chlorite and illite/chlorite ratios, and lower values of smectite, chlorite and kaolinite minerals occurred in 83-72.5 ka, 68.8-54 ka, 32-24 ka, corresponding to late MIS 5, late MIS 4, early MIS 3 and late MIS 3, respectively. These three phases were almost similarly changed with oxygen isotopes of authigenic carbonates and pollen records in ISL1A, which implies that stronger chemical weathering corresponds to higher effective moisture periods of source region in the Qaidam Basin. Based on chemical weathering index and (Al2O3-(CaO + Na2O)-K2O) diagram, chemical weathering degree in this study area takes a varying process from low to intermediate on the whole. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordClay Minerals Weathering Process Major-element Geochemistry Late Pleistocene Qarhan Salt Lake The Qaidam Basin
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS KeywordQARHAN SALT LAKE ; SOUTH CHINA SEA ; WESTERN CHINA ; QINGHAI LAKE ; LACUSTRINE SEDIMENTS ; SURFACE SEDIMENTS ; RIVER SEDIMENTS ; NORTHWEST CHINA ; POLLEN RECORD ; HISTORY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000381323400018
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/6343
Collection青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
盐湖地质与环境实验室
科研管理、支撑部门
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Miao, WeiLiang,Fan, QiShun,Wei, HaiCheng,et al. Clay mineralogical and geochemical constraints on late Pleistocene weathering processes of the Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau[J]. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,2016,127:267-280.
APA Miao, WeiLiang,Fan, QiShun,Wei, HaiCheng,Zhang, XiYing,&Ma, HaiZhou.(2016).Clay mineralogical and geochemical constraints on late Pleistocene weathering processes of the Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau.JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,127,267-280.
MLA Miao, WeiLiang,et al."Clay mineralogical and geochemical constraints on late Pleistocene weathering processes of the Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau".JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES 127(2016):267-280.
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