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Effects of pH and salinity on the separation of magnesium and lithium from brine by nanofiltration
Li, Yan1,2,3; Zhao, Youjing1,2; Wang, Min1,2
2017-11-01
Source PublicationDESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT
Volume97Pages:141-150
SubtypeArticle
AbstractIt is difficult to extract lithium because of the high ratio of Mg2+ and Li+ in most salt lake brines in China. Therefore, the separation process of high Mg2+/Li+ ratio salt lake brine by a negatively charged DK nanofiltration membrane was investigated. The stability of the nanofiltration membrane, the concentration polarization phenomenon, and the surface charge of the nanofiltration membrane was first explored. The ability of the membrane to separate Mg2+ and Li+ at different salinities and pHs was further evaluated. The results indicate that due to the viscosity variation of the solution and the concentration polarization phenomenon, the membrane flux decreases with rising salinity. The Donnan exclusion, dielectric exclusion, and steric hindrance were studied to characterize the ionic fractionations of the nanofiltration membrane. When the salinity was 35 g/L, the Mg2+/Li+ reduced to 1.49. The membrane flux remained constant at different pHs, and the retention factor of Mg2+ was always higher than that of Li+. It remained at a relatively high level because of the electrostatic interaction between the cations and the negative charge on the functional groups on the membrane surface. The difference of the cation characters makes the retention factor of Mg2+ higher. The separation effect was relatively better under lower pH conditions.
KeywordNanofiltration Separation Of mg2+/li+ Salinity Ph
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS KeywordDIELECTRIC EXCLUSION MODEL ; SALT LAKE BRINE ; REVERSE-OSMOSIS ; MASS-TRANSFER ; CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION ; ELECTROLYTE TRANSPORT ; MEMBRANE PERFORMANCE ; CHARGE ; RECOVERY ; NF
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000423705900014
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.isl.ac.cn/handle/363002/6376
Collection青海盐湖研究所知识仓储
盐湖资源与化学实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Qinghai Inst Salt Lakes, Key Lab Comprehens & Highly Efficient Utilizat Sa, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
2.Key Lab Salt Lake Resources Chem Qinghai Prov, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 101408, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Yan,Zhao, Youjing,Wang, Min. Effects of pH and salinity on the separation of magnesium and lithium from brine by nanofiltration[J]. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT,2017,97:141-150.
APA Li, Yan,Zhao, Youjing,&Wang, Min.(2017).Effects of pH and salinity on the separation of magnesium and lithium from brine by nanofiltration.DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT,97,141-150.
MLA Li, Yan,et al."Effects of pH and salinity on the separation of magnesium and lithium from brine by nanofiltration".DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 97(2017):141-150.
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